Vocational education and training: Review of experience - Latin America and the Caribbean

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Academy for Educational Development


This report examines the problem of implementing and sustaining vocational education and training (VET) programmes in developing countries. It is intended to provide US Agency for International Development (USAID) officers with operational guidelines for the development of future projects. In conducting this study, over 50 projects conducted by USAID from 1973 to 1989 were reviewed. Twenty-four of these were selected for intensive review and two as case studies. Chapter I is an introduction that explains the purpose of the study, sources of information, definitions, and the organization of the report. Chapter II outlines the issues surrounding investment decisions in VET and presents a framework for formulating vocational training policy based on consideration of two critical factors--implementing context and project complexity. Chapter III examines formal and nonformal training alternatives, focusing on benefits and implementing requirements. Chapter IV discusses how to improve training quality. It focuses on the key elements of training at the operational level--management development, instructional staff, and instructional resources. Next, it examines requirements of the overall training system in which individual programmes operate. Chapter V analyses benefits and constraints of each type of available funding--general public revenues, payroll taxes, use fees, and student loans. Chapter VI summarizes findings and conclusions. It offers recommendations for investment choices, with particular emphasis on the Latin American and Caribbean region, and provides guidelines for strengthening project design, with emphasis on improving quality and sustainability. Appendices include two in-depth case studies of projects in Honduras and Jamaica


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