The Knowledge of Eyecare and Glaucoma in Patients Visiting A University Eye Clinic.

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Faculty of Medical Sciences, The UWI, St. Augustine Campus, Trinidad and Tobago


OBJECTIVES: This research aims to determine the level of knowledge the public has on the importance of eye care and glaucoma. It also intends to examine the possible correlations between sociodemographics and the level of knowledge about eye care and glaucoma. Furthermore, the study aims to determine whether people who have a family history of glaucoma are more knowledgeable about the disease and the methods by which they are informed. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted between December 2022 and May 2023. Data was gathered through a structured questionnaire comprised of the subject’s socio-demographics and knowledge of eyecare and glaucoma. Data analysis was done using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences program (SPSS). Associations between the socio-demographics and other details were tested using the Chi-square test, the Phi and Cramer test, and the Z-test for independent proportions. RESULTS Out of the total of 96 participants, 64.6% were aware of glaucoma. There was also a high level of knowledge of glaucoma with a significant correlation between gender and age (p<0.05). There was also a strong correlation between those with a family history of glaucoma and awareness and knowledge. The optometrist was the most common source of information for participants in this study. Statistics showed a high level of knowledge on eyecare with 42.7% of the participants stating that the average individual should get an eye exam done every two years. CONCLUSION The knowledge of eye care and glaucoma was high, however, the study revealed insufficient knowledge in specific areas of glaucoma. As a result, more efforts are required to educate the public about this condition and prevent blindness caused by glaucoma through effective mechanisms.


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