Vitamin D levels are low in adult patients with sickle cell disease in Jamaica and West Africa

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Title: Vitamin D levels are low in adult patients with sickle cell disease in Jamaica and West Africa
Author: Tayo, Bamidele O; Akingbola, Titilola S; Salako, Babatunde L; McKenzie, Colin A; Reid, Marvin; Layden, Jennifer; Osunkwo, Ifeyinwa; Plange-Rhule, Jacob; Luke, Amy; Durazo-Arvizu, Ramon; Cooper, Richard S
Abstract: Abstract Background Patients with sickle cell disease in the USA have been noted to have lower levels of vitamin D and#8211; measured as 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and#8211; compared to controls. Average serum 25(OH)D levels are also substantially lower in African Americans than whites, while population distributions of 25(OH)D among Jamaicans of African descent and West Africans are the same as among USA whites. The purpose of this study was to examine whether adult patients with sickle cell disease living in tropical regions had reduced 25(OH)D relative to the general population. Methods We analyzed serum 25(OH)D in stored samples collected from studies in Jamaica and West Africa of adult patients with sickle cell disease and adult population controls. Results In samples of 20 Jamaicans and 50 West Africans with sickle cell disease mean values of 25(OH)D were 37% and 39% lower than controls, respectively. Metabolic abnormalities in the absorption and conversion pathways are possible causes for the consistent relative deficiency of 25(OH)D in sickle cell disease. Conclusions Low 25(OH)D levels in tropical Africa where the burden of sickle cell disease is highest, deserve further investigation, and a randomized trial is warranted to address efficacy of supplementation.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/2052-1839-14-12
http://hdl.handle.net/2139/39025
Date: 2014-08-16


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